HTML vs. Plain Text Emails: Everything You Need to Know

HTML vs. plain text emails–which is better? This debate has
been ongoing in the online marketing world for years now. While the
answer may seem obvious (HTML, right?), it’s not always that
simple.

To get the best email deliverability results, a savvy email
marketer should choose which format will best suit the intended
audience and purpose.

In this article, we’ll provide a thorough overview of HTML and
plain text emails. We’ll also explore the key differences and
benefits of each when it comes to deliverability, user experience,
visual display, and brand consistency.

HTML vs. plain text emails: an overview

You may be an experienced digital marketer and yet not be fully
versed in the technical underpinnings of email. For this reason,
we’ll quickly go over the main technical differences between HTML
vs. plain text emails here. Understanding how the back-end tech
works can help in choosing which technology would work better for
various marketing initiatives.

Plain text emails

“Plain text” is just how it sounds– plain, simple text,
without any enhancements. It is text without additional fonts,
designs, or colors added. With plain text email, you won’t see
additional graphics or embedded multimedia. Even links aren’t
embedded in plain text email.

In the early days of the internet, before web browsers were what
they are today, email was king. In those early days, all emails
were plain text emails. More specifically, emails, at least in the
United States and other English-speaking countries, were sent via a
specific type of text, called ASCII.

ASCII stands for the American Standard Code for Information
Interchange. This code, developed in the 1960s, was solidified as a
code base in 1986. ASCII
text
is comprised of a certain set of specific characters,
including all the letters in our English alphabet, numbers,
punctuation marks, and some symbols.

Standard ASCII is limited to this set of characters. It provides
absolutely no information about font, size, and color. When these
characters appear in an email, it’s entirely up to the email
program to choose how to display them. The same email in ASCII
might be displayed in a 12-point Times New Roman font in black on
one computer but a 10-point purple Arial font on another.

Furthermore, the basic set of ASCII characters is
English-language centered. For languages with additional characters
like Polish or Russian, expanded or different ASCII sets need to be
used.

Given that the initial and only option for email text was ASCII,
people came up with a creative way to “decorate” their emails
– ASCII art.

ASCII art is a graphic made up of ASCII characters. It works
best when viewed with a monospaced or fixed-width font like
Courier. These are fonts in which every character takes up the same
amount of horizontal space. A proportional font where the letter P
might be wider than the letter L ends up ruining the spacing for
ASCII art.


HTML vs. plain text email - Given that the initial and only option for email text was ASCII, people came up with a creative way to “decorate” their emails – ASCII art.

Image Source: ASCII Art
Archive

ASCII art is still created and used today, often on bulletin
boards or even online communities like Reddit. Its actual
application in email marketing is quite limited. But you could use
ASCII art in your content, especially if you’re going for a retro
vibe.

Otherwise, when you’re using plain text emails in your email
marketing, just know they’re being sent with ASCII text, meaning
you’ll have little to no control over their formatting.

Plain text email still has many uses today. It works great for
sales letters and updates. Plus, if you’re a salesperson engaging
in one-on-one email correspondence, plain text emails are probably
better. (Just
Ask Leo!
) But for most email campaigns, especially retail
brands, HTML is the way to go.

Pros: Works on every device, including mobile
phones; loads quickly.

Cons: No control over formatting; no ability to
include embedded links, images, or multimedia.

Best Practices: Give subscribers an option to
receive plain text emails. This isn’t just important for people
in areas with slow Internet connections. It’s also better for
accessibility (see below).

An email service like Campaign
Monitor handles HTML to plain text conversion for you

automatically.

Make sure you add enough white space in your plain text to make
it readable.


Make sure you add enough white space in your plain text to make it readable. This article does a comparison of HTML emails and plain text emails.

Image Source:
Campaign Monitor

HTML emails

HTML, as you may already know, stands for HyperText Markup
Language. It’s a way to code a document (made out of ASCII text)
that lets an HTML reader (such as a web browser) know how to render
certain types of information.

HTML emails have everything plain text emails don’t have:
color, style, images, and sometimes multimedia. HTML emails are
similar to webpages, only they’re delivered to people’s email
inboxes. As such, you can design your HTML email to match your
brand and give your readers a more visually engaging
experience.

This sounds great, but there are a few things to remember.

When HTML emails first started appearing in the mainstream
during the early 2000s, they caused a lot of problems. Whether or
not the email would render properly would depend on the email
client. Not to mention, Google disabled most HTML features from
their popular Gmail service.

That would mean that email marketers would often have to design
their HTML emails to either get around some of Gmail’s blocks or
just revert to plain text emails. Cascading Style Sheets (or CSS)
is the code that determines whether a line of text is in Verdana
font or red or blue.

But instead of enabling the embedding stylesheets or including
CSS styles in the email header, Gmail HTML emails had to use inline
CSS, which was a pain. It is also one of the worst ways to code
HTML because it negates the entire purpose of having “styles”
to be consistently applied to sections and headers.

Google wasn’t the only problem with HTML emails. With the
proliferation of smartphones and tablets, especially by the mid to
late 2000s, more and more problems with HTML emails arose. Perhaps
the biggest problem was emails’ failure to render correctly on
mobile devices.

Fortunately, the rise of responsive design, which really hit its
stride by the mid-2010s, made this a lot easier. Responsive design
is a way of designing a webpage or an email in HTML such that the
design changes depending on the width of the browser window or
email reader.

Still, it
wasn’t until 2016
(just a few years ago) that Google finally
added support for responsive design for email and expanded its
ability to render basic HTML.

People still report problems with CSS being stripped from
emails, as you can see in this
Microsoft support forum thread
from November of 2018.

Another problem with HTML emails is their potential for viruses
or phishing scams. They are more likely to be caught in spam
filters, and sometimes, antivirus software will automatically strip
all CSS styles from the HTML email, leaving it a shell of its
former self.

Despite these problems, the majority of email
newsletters sent out today utilize HTML, meaning it’s here to
stay. HTML emails can be beautiful, engaging marketing pieces, and
they often work well.

However, because email programs and services like Gmail and
Outlook are constantly changing, it’s typically better to use an
email service platform for HTML newsletters. An ESP can handle all
the nitty-gritty of HTML for you. Campaign Monitor will also
automatically send a plain text version to subscribers who request
it, or when an email reader can’t read HTML.

Pros: Better design control; can embed images,
links, and multimedia.

Cons: CSS can be stripped. It can include
viruses and scams and is more likely to be put in the spam box.

Best Practices: Make sure HTML emails are
responsive. To be on the safe side, keep the design simple and
streamlined. Use a tried and tested email list management service
(like Campaign Monitor), which integrates HTML email standards for
you.

Key differences and benefits of HTML vs. plain text emails

While HTML email still has issues, most notably with
compatibility, it still wins in the end. Plain text emails are
often reliable in terms of email deliverability. Still, when it
comes to overall user experience, visual display, and brand
consistency, HTML wins out, hands down.

Here are a few other things to consider:

1. Better analytics? The winner is HTML email

HTML emails are better when it comes to tracking and analytics.
You can’t technically track an open rate with a plain text email,
because you need an embedded HTML snippet to do it.

2. Accessibility Concerns? The winner is plain text email

Accessibility is a term that refers to how accessible technology
is to people of different abilities. The biggie: Can your email be
accessed by a blind person using a screen reader? For this type of
application, plain text works better.

3. Spam concerns? They’re tied

HTML email may be slightly more likely to end up in a spam box,
but plain text emails could too, especially if you’re sending
them too frequently or using a lot of spam language. A reputable
ESP will lower the chances of your emails being filtered into
spam.

Wrap up

To summarize, both plain text HTML emails have their uses.
Remember:

  • HTML is generally better for marketing emails.
  • Plain text may be better for personal contact.
  • Give people an option to use plain text when receiving your
    newsletter.
  • Always offer a plain text version for accessibility
    reasons.

Campaign Monitor handles sending HTML and plain text
email newsletters for you. Contact us for more
information.

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HTML vs. Plain Text Emails: Everything You Need to Know

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Source: FS – Email Marketing Blogs!
HTML vs. Plain Text Emails: Everything You Need to Know